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Slurry Pump Materials Selection

Apr 09, 2018

In a slurry pump the impeller and inside of the casing are always exposed to the slurry and have to be protected accordingly against wear.

“Material selection for impeller and casing is just as important as the pump selection itself!”

There are three different conditions that create wear in a slurry pump:



There are three major types of abrasion:

In slurry pumps we have mainly grinding and low stress abrasion.
Abrasion rate is dependent on particle size and hardness.

Abrasion only occurs in two areas in a slurry pump:

1.Between impeller and the stationary inlet.
2. Between shaft sleeve and the stationary packing.


This is the dominant wear in slurry pumps. The reason is that particles in the slurry hit the material surface at different angles.

Erosion wear is heavily influenced by how the pump is operated. Erosion wear is, in general, at a minimum at the BEP flow rate, and increases with lower as well as higher flows.

For reasons that are not well understood, erosion wear can also increase dramatically if the pump is allowed to operate on “snore”; that is, taking air into the inlet pipe.

It has been suggested that this may be caused by cavitation, due to the pump surfaces vibrating as the air flows over them. This is, however, difcult to accept as air bubbles generally suppress cavitation by moving to fll the vapour cavities.

There are three major types of erosion:

Effect of erosion on pump components:

The impeller is subject to impact wear (high and low) mainly in the eye, on the gland side shroud (A), when the flow turns 90°. On the leading edge of the vane (B).
Sliding bed and low angular impact occur along the vanes between the impeller shrouds (C).

Side liners (inlet and back liners)
Side liners are subject to sliding bed and crushing and grinding abrasion.

The volute is subject to impact wear on the cut water. Sliding bed and low angular impact wear occurs in the rest of the volute.

The corrosion (and chemical attacks) of the wet parts in a Slurry Pump is a complex phenomenon both for metal and elastomer material.
For guidance, chemical resistance tables for metals and elastomer material are given on following and in section Chemical Resistance Tables.

MaterialPhysical propertiesChemical propertiesThermal properties

Max. Impeller Tip


Wear resistance

Hot water,

diluted acids

Strong and
oxidising acids
Oils, hydro
Highest service temp.(oC)
Continuously Occasionally
Natural rubbers27Very goodExcellentFairBad(-50) to 65 100
Chloroprene 45227GoodExcellentFairGood90 120
EPDM 01630GoodExcellentGoodBad100 130
Butyl30FairExcellentGoodBad100 130
Polyurethane30Very goodFairBadGood(-15) 45-50 65

Wear protection - what options?

There are some major options in selecting wear protection of slurry pumps:
Impeller and casing in Hard Metal in various alloys of white iron and steel.
Impeller in elastomers and casing protected by elastomer liners. Elastomers are normally rubber in various qualities or polyurethane.
Combination of impeller of hard metal and elastomer-lined casings.

Selection of wear materials:

the choice of wear parts is a balance between resistance to wear and cost of wear parts.
There are two strategies for resisting wear:
The wear material has to be hard to resist cutting action of impinging solids!
The wear material has to be elastic to be able to absorb the shocks and rebound of particles!

Parameters for selection

The selection of wear parts is normally based on the following parameters:

Solid size (solid S.G., shape and hardness)
Slurry temperature
pH and chemicals
impeller speed

The dominant wear materials in slurry pumps are hard metal and soft elastomers. Tobee supplies a wide range of qualities for both.
Ceramics are available as an option for some ranges.

See the table for general guidance:
Slurry Pump MaterialsEffect of particle size on slurry pump material selection.pdf

Technical dept.
Hebei Tobee Pump Co.,Limited

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